The Deer.

The Deer.

  
Earth Science. Biblical.

The Deer.

Scriptures used upon this page are taken from,
the Old King James Version of the Holy Bible.

Hebrew words used within this page can be found in Bible Concordances.
Copyright (C) by Noelene Rout 10th July 2007 All rights reserved.

You can download a Bible Concordance
in a free Bible from e-sword.net.


The deer is a ruminant, a mammal (warm blooded animal), it is related to antelopes, giraffes and other cattle.The male deer is called a buck, a stag, or a bull, and the female deer is called a cow, a hind, or a doe.

Deers live in small groups consisting of hinds and calves, the stags live away from the hinds and calves for most of the year.

The fur of the deer is brown with light colored flecks, and there is a light patch of fur around their rumps. Some deers have fur that is thicker than other deers. The thickness of the fur depends upon the climate of the area in which they live. Fallow deers have two layers of fur; a brown and spotted outer layer which is tough and waterproof, and an under layer which is soft and warm. Deers moult (lose their fur twice a year). Deer shed their coats in summer and grow thick, warm, waterproofed coats with soft, warm fur underneath for the winter. The fur of a deer acts as a camoflouge, it helps the deer to blend into their surroundings, which makes them harder to be seen by predators. The deer is camoflouged during the winter months with a paler colored coat which blends in with the colors of the surrounding frost and snow.

Deers, who vary in size, are timid, and graceful, furry animals with narrow heads, large ears which they use to listen to sounds from all directions, long necks, moist and hairless noses which they use for smelling, to find food, mates, and also to detect danger, long slender legs, four toes, two on each foot which form their two hard and divided stony hooves, short tails, and manes and antlers which grow upon the necks and heads of the males during the breeding season.

The antlers branch out into tines (forks), having six points on each side, they grow to their full size, over a metre long, when the stag is six years old. By the age of one a deer has one fork int its antlers. Antlers fall off in the spring, leaving behind two bony stumps called pedicles; skin grows over the pedicles and new antlers begin to grow beneath the skin. Deer usually eat their old antlers to obtain the nourishment required to grow their new ones. When the stags antlers are fully grown he is called a royal stag. The stags use their antlers to protect the hinds, to protect themselves from predators, and to fight other males during the mating season. The antlers also protect the stags from injuring their heads by locking together when the stags they are charging at one another.

Deer footprints.
The deers hooves are split down the middle into two 'dew claws' which makes their footprints look like crescent shaped dents.

Eating habits.
Deers are herbivores, they graze on wild and thick grasses, sprouts, herbs, bushes, and plants that grow close to the ground, they also eat leaves, bark, twigs pine needles, and flowers. Deers usually eat at dawn, and dusk. The deers swallow their food whole and store it in a part of their stomaches called the rumen where it is broken down by bacteria and microscopic creatures, the deer then return to hide in the forest where they leisurely sit in the grass for hours bringing up balls of food, mixing it with their saliva, and chewing the cud. Worn down teeth continually grow throughout the life of a deer.

Deers in hiding.
Deers use long grasses, bushes, and trees to hide from their enemies. The eyesight of the deer is black and white. Early deer had tusks protruding from the tops of the mouths and furry bumps on their heads like giraffes. Some of todays deers still have tusks.

Deer territority.
Deers mark the edges of their territory by rubbing their scent on branches and twigs and the ground.

Deer communication.
Deers communicate by grinding their teeth, grunting, bleating, moaning, roaring, clicking, and whispering.

The health of deers.
Deers get sick. Mosquitos make them itchy as they sting them and drink their blood, warble flies and bot flies lay eggs in their skin which when hatched produce maggots that eat their inner flesh creating festering soresand, lice live in their fur and suck up their blood.

Oxpecker.
Ox pecker birds fly down upon the deers and eat parasites from their fur.

Grooming.
Deers clean their fur with their tongues, their tongues are so long, they can even wash their own eyes. Deers use their tongues and their teeth to lick and groom one another's fur. Deers are affectionate.

Deer predators.
Deers hide among bushes and trees camoflouged by their coats which blends in with the colors of their surroundings. Deers have excellent hearing, and a good sense of smell which alerts them to dangers from which they rapidly flee away.

Deers are preyed upon by wolves, foxes, eagles, bears, crocodiles, lions, tigers, and also pigs (boars). They are also hunted by man. When attacked by a predator the stag butts with the sharp points on its antlers, and uses its hooves to kick and frighten away its attackers.

The rut.
The rut is the time of the year when deers breed. During the rut the female deer produces a scent which is attractive to the males, and the males urinate in puddles of mud and roll around in the smelly mud to make themselves smell beautiful for the females. Stags pick a rutting area, a piece of ground on which to gather a group of females. They roar at one another and pace up and down, and they thrash their antlers on bushes and trees, and the roaring stags challenge one another to a fight. When the fight begins they lower their heads and charge, antlers crash together and they push and shove each other, and they back off, and they keep charging, and charging, and pushing, and shoving, and locking their antlers together, until one of the stags gives up and is driven away.

Calves.
A young deer is called a fawn. Most deer have one fawn a year, some have twins, and some have six fawns at a time. Stags leave the hinds after the breeding season has finished. When the fawn is born the mother cleans the fawn with her tongue to protect it from predators who might be attracted to the smell,
the fawn stand up, and within a few hours begins to walk and drink milk from its mother's nipples. The young fawn will lie still in the grass when its mother goes off to feed. As the fawn grows, its muscles are strengthened as it plays with other fawns in the grass. At about the age of one the fawn's spotted coat will be completely grown, and the fawn will be feeding itself, but the fawn will remain close to its mother until she drives it away after she has given birth to another fawn.

Some deer varieties.
There are more than 50 different kinds of deers. The moose is a North American elk which stands about 2 metres tall, it eats water plants found on, or in water beside swamps rivers and lakes, and will even swim into the water to get to the plants. The mule, the wapiti, and the elk, mountain deers who leave the icy cold winter winds of high mountain slopes to feed on the grasses which grow in the warmer climate of the valleys below. The white and black tailed deers who live in North America. The Chinese water deer, a deer which is about 50 centimetres tall, and feeds on grasses and sedges which it finds in the swamps of China. The Pe're David's deer who gets covered with the trails of weeds that it tears out of Chinese swamps. The hog who feeds on young rice plants that they find in the paddy fields of the far east. The tufted deer who live high upon the mountains of Asia. The marsh deer, South American deer that live in muddy swamps. The pudu, which is about 30 centimetres tall, and is the smallest deer on the earth who are found upon the South American Andes, where they live in the dense covering of high mountain forests. The guemal who live about 4,000 metres high in the South American Andes. The Indian swamp deer that lives in swamps. The Red deer that lives in Europe, Asia, and Britain. The chital, sika, sambar, musk and the muntjac deer with its short antlers, who also live in Asia.

The reindeer.
Reindeer are bred by the Lapps of Scandinavia. Reindeer are more useful than horses to the Lapps because they can survive the bitterly cold weather in the snowy wastes of the Arctic, and they can find their way during snowstorms. The Lapps eat the flesh of the reindeer, they make clothing and tents from their skin, and they drink the reindeers milk. Female reindeer have antlers. They are the only female members of the cervidae (deer-variety) to have antlers.

What is an antler?
Antlers are branches of bone. Not all antlers are the same, some antlers are wide and flat with points on their edges, some are short and simple, and some are thin with many branches.

Where do the antlers come from?
The antlers grow out of a ridge of bone which is on the tops of the heads of the deers.

Who grow antlers?
Male deers grow antlers, and female reindeers and caribou also grow antlers. As the antlers which are criss-crossed by delicate veins and covered with soft silky fur called velvet, grow, they are fed by blood vessels within the skin beneath the fur. The velvety fur rots and dries and peels off the antlers when they are fully grown, the rotting and drying fur attracts flies which irritate the deer who rubs and polishes its bony antlers on nearby bushes and twigs.

What happens to the deers antlers?
When the breeding season is over, the antlers drop off the deer. The deers eat their fallen antlers.

Where are the deers.
There are deers on every continent. There are no deers at the poles. Deers live in forests and woods. Mule deers lives in North America. Chital, sika, sambar, muntjac, and musk deers live in Asia. The hog deer lives in the far east. White tailed and the black tailed deers live in North America. Pudu deers lives in South America. Red deer live in Europe, Asia, and Britain.

Migration.
Changing conditions of the weather cause small animals and plankton, flocks of birds, shoals of fish, pods of whales, and herds of animals to regularly move from one place to another and then back again, in their search for food, breeding grounds, and warmth.

In autumn herds of deer court and mate as they, using the same route, and crossing over the same rivers, leave the treeless tundra plain before the bitter cold of the Arctic winter covers the ground and its low growing plants and lichens with ice (frozen snow), to travel about 1,000 kilometres to the shelter of southern forests, where they dig for their food in the softer snow until the warmer months of spring, when the heavily pregnant cows lead the bucks on their long migration, back to the Tundra again, giving birth to their young on the way. Lapps and Yakuts travel with their migrating herds of deer and protect them from marauding predators which steal and kill the calves.

The survival of deers.
For thousands of years, Eskimos and Canadian Indians have hunted deer. The meat of the caribou and the reindeers is dried, or frozen and used during the winter months. They use the skin to make tents, thread and clothes. They use the antlers to make tools. They use the deer to pull sledges and carry heavy loads. The females are kept for milk.

Many deers are on the verge of extinction. Deforestation and the draining of swamps to build farms and cities is using up the deers habitation and making it harder for deers to survive. Humans kill deers when their numbers increase and they have to be killed to prevent them from starving to death, for the sake of killing (sport), for their antlers to hang on their walls, or to use in medicines, and to make axe handles, combs and tools; for their velvet to use in aphrodisiacs, for their musk, the scent which is produced during the breeding season, to use in medicines and expensive perfumes; for their meat to eat, and for their skin to make clothing and other things. Where deers become extinct, the numbers of their predators are also reduced because they are left without deer to hunt and eat as their food.

Giraffes are tall animals with blotches of black on their orange colored fur, they have long legs, long necks woth manes, short tails, and fur covered bumps on their heads.

A Bible study about deers.

Search for the scriptures in your Bible, the Hebrew numbers, can be found in your Strongs Concordance.

Deers are affectionate. 158 Prov 5:19
Deers are gracious and beautiful. 2580 Prov 5:19
A deer will stand outside of your house and look through your window. S of S 2:9 Deers are inquisitive?

The voice of God causes deer to have their young. Psalm 29:9
Deers give birth to their calves in the fields. Jer 14:5
Deers experience fear and writhe with grievous pain when bringing forth their young. 2342 Job 39:1..Animals get frightened..Animals feel pain.
Some deers give birth to twins. S of S 4:5..S of S 7:3
A starving deer will abandon her calf. Jer 14:5

The coat of a fawn is a dusty color. 6082
Deers leap and spring. 1801 Isa 35:6

The deer is an animal which is found in the wild. 4829 Lam 1:6..6643 S Sam 2:18

Deers live on the plains. S of S 2:7
Deers spread out on the plains. 7704 S of S 2:7..S of S 3:5
Deers live in high places. 1116 2 Sam 22:34..Psalm 18:33..Hab 3:19
Deers live upon mountains. S of S 2:17 Roebucks 1 Chron 12:8
Deers live upon mountains of Bether in Palestine. S of S 2:17
Deers were living upon mountain ranges where fragrant herbs were growing. S of S 8:14
Deers run swiftly. 1 Chron 12:8
Deers run swiftly upon the mountains. Roebucks 1 Chron 12:8
There were deers in Palestine. S of S 2:17

Deers live in herds. Deut 12:21,22
Deers are driven away. Isa 13:14 Roebucks.

Deers are ruminants. Deers chew the cud. 354 Deut 14:4-6
Deers feed in pastures. 4829 Lam 1:6
Deers migrate in search of food. 1980 Lam 1:6
Deers who cannot find food lose their strength and die. 1980 Lam 1:6 Food contains energy.
A starving deer will abandon her calf. Jer 14:5

Deers pant for, long for, and cry for, water. Psalm 42:1

Venison (deer) were hunted. 6718
Deer are hunted for their meat. 6718
Deer meat is food. 6718
Deer meat can be eaten. Deut 14:4-6..Deut 12:15,21,22..Deut 15:22
Deer meat is called venison. 6720
Venison is a delicacy. 4303 Gen 27:4
Deers are slaughtered for their meat. Deut 12:15,21,22
The children of Israel and also foreigners hunted venison (deer). Lev 17:13
Venison (deer meat) is cooked (roasted). Prov 12:27

Venison (deer meat) can be sold. Neh 13:15

The blood of deers is not to be eaten. Deut 15:22,23

Deers are hunted by predators. 7291 Lam 1:6
Deers run away from predators. 7291 Lam 1:6

There were deers on the earth in the time of Solomon. 1 Kings 4:22,23
Deer were provision in the days of Solomon. 1 Kings 4:22,23

There were deers on the earth in the days of Nimrod. Gen 10:9
There were deers in the land where Nimrod lived. Gen 10:9
Nimrod hunted deer. Gen 10:9

There were deers on the earth in the days of Esau. Gen 10:9
There were deers in the land where Esua lived. Gen 10:9
Esau hunted deer. Gen 25:27,28
Esau hunted for deers on the plain. Gen 27:25
Esau used a bow and arrow when he went hunting for deers. Gen 27:1-4..Gen 27:5 Bows and arrows are weapons. In the days of Isaac and Esau men used bows and arrows when hunting.
Esau hunted deer for Isaac the son of Abraham. Gen 25:27,28
Esau laid in waiting, while he was hunting deer. Gen 27:5

Isaac, the son of Abraham asked Esau to hunt a deer. Gen 27:1-4 Esau was a hunter.
Isaac, the son of Abraham ate deer meat (venison). Gen 25:28
Isaac, the son of Abraham loved eating venison. Gen 27:4,14
Isaac, the son of Abraham asked Esau to make him savoury meat from the deer. Gen 27:4,7
Isaac, the son of Abraham loved savoury meat. Gen 27:4,14
Esau knew how to cook. Genesis 27:4,7
God blesses the venison of his people. Psalm 132:13-15

Rebekah heard Isaac ask Esua to hunt for some venison for him and she told Jacob. Gen 27:5-45
Rebekah heard Isaac ask Esau to cook him some savoury meat. Gen 24:7

Ravens eat venison (deer meat). Job 38:41

Cud: partially digested food brought back into the mouth to be chewed again by a ruminant.
Fleck: streak, small mark, speck, speckle.
Reindeer moss: a popular lichen found on the Tundra which has been nicknamed after reindeers.
Rumen: Part of a ruminants (deers) stomache where it stores its swallowed food.
Tundra: Vast treeless plain in the Arctic region where the subsoil is permanently frozen.

Any errors within my pages are not intentional.