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Astronomy. Christian.
A bible study.


Copyright (C) by Noelene Rout 6th March 2008
All rights reserved.

The scripture used on this page is taken from the Old King James Bible.
The Hebrew words used on this page can be found in Bible Concordances.

Numbers used on this page can be found in the Strongs Concordance.

You can download a free Bible Concordance in a free Bible from

The sun is a star. What is a star?

Hebrew word.
Kokab a star (as round, shining), blazing, stargazer, a prince. from the same as 3522 the sense of rolling. and from the same as 3554 the sense of blazing. 3522 heap up, hilly, Cabon: a place in Palastine. 3554 (prick, penetrate, blister), to blister (as eating into or smarting), burn (-ing), be burned, a branding. See Strongs 3556.

A star is a round, rolling, shining, burning, blazing, (bubbling) blistering, hilly, heap of vapour being eaten into in space.

What is the sun?
The sun which is 93 million miles (150 million km) away from the earth is a star of average size. Its mass is over 300, 000 times more than that of the Earth.

The sun is the center of the Solar System which includes nine planets and many other small objects that are orbiting the sun. The Solar System is being held together by the gravitational pull of the sun.

The sun is a sphere with a diameter of about 865, 000 miles (1.35 million km).

Most of the matter in the sun, which is layered without clear boundaries, and varies greatly in temperature, is in the plasma phase.

Plasma is the superhot gas within the sun.

The sun.
The sun is a gigantic ball of shining white-hot gas.

Hebrew word.
6705 tsa^chach tsaw-khakh' Primitive root; to glare, be dazzling white: - to be clear, white, be whiter. From 6706 tsechi^yach tsekh-ee'-akh [From 6705 tsa^chach tsaw-khakh'] glaring, that is, exposed to the bright sun: - higher place, top. See: Sun. Strongs Dictionary.

The surface of the sun is like a sea of white-hot gas. Flares (tongues, fountains) of flaming gas, (called prominences), hundred of thousand of miles high, erupt (shoot upwards) from the sun.

Energy is produced within the Sun. Huge amounts of energy in the form of heat, light and radiation are produced within the sun. The energy of the sun comes from matter which has been converted into energy. Matter is converted into energy in a process called nuclear fusion during which atoms are changed in a process that produces new elements. (the matter which is contained in four hydrogen nuclei are rearranged to create a helium nucleus), a process during which some of the orignal matter is converted into energy. Hydrogen is the sun's major fuel, it makes up three quarters of the sun's mass. The hydrogen is fused together to form atoms of helium as they are burned in the center of the sun, which acts like an atomic furnace. Seething hot gases bubbling about in the core of the sun, bubble to the surface, and escape into space as heat and light from the core. Massive amounts of energy in the form of heat, light, and radiation are given out during the process of nuclear fusion. Every second the sun converts 4 million tonnes of hydrogen into helium by nuclear fusion, giving life to everything upon the Earth. The sun warms the Earth and provides living things with energy. Life is dependent upon the sun.

The Core.
Fuse: join, combine, melt with intense heat, (blend [into one], unite) by melting, amalgamate.

Fusion: state of being melted, melting (together), melting product of fusion, fusing, combination of two atoms, union of things as atomic nuclear, as if melted together, the changing of a state of a substance from a solid to a liquid which happens at a definite temperature (melting point) and at a given applied pressure. Union of atomic nuclei, with release of energy. The source of the energy of the sun and the stars is from the reaction of fusion. Fusion is the manner with which hydrogen atoms are split to produce atoms of helium. Atoms of hydrogen are melted together to produce helium, energy is the by product.

Nuclear fusion: the uniting of two or more light atomic nuclei to produce a larger one with a mass that is slightly lower than the united masses of the particles it was made from. Nuclear fusion involves the transferring of mass to energy. During nuclear fusion mass is converted into energy.

Transfer: (move, send) from one (person, place) to another.

The core of the sun is about 140, 000 km thick. Within the core, matter is caused to contract by extreme pressure because of the suns huge mass. Nuclear fusion takes place at the core of the sun where the temperature of the continually exploding nuclear bomb is about 27,000,000 degrees Farenheit (15,000,000 degrees Celsius).

Enormous amounts of energy are released during (nuclear fusion.) the fusion of small amounts of matter. Energy is produced (during nuclear fusion) as small amounts of matter are fused together with intense heat. Matter is fused together with heat. The fusion of atomic nuclei under intense pressure produces energy. Energy is released by the fusion of hydrogen nuclei to give helium nucei. Energy is the by product of nuclear fusion. Enough energy is produced in one year from 0.00001 g of hydrogen to run the electrical appliances in an average household.

The radiation zone.
Outside of the core is the radiation zone, which is about 382,800 km thick. Heat energy is produced in the radiation zone and the heat is radiated outwards by spreading from atom to atom. The temperature within the radiation zone is about 4, 500,000 degreees celsius.

The convection zone.
About 400,000 km from the core, is the convection zone which is about 174.000 km thick. Within the convection zone convection cells are formed by hot matter, which expands, rises, cools, thickens and sinks back down. The temperature of the convection zone is about 1,100,000 degrees celsius.

The sun has an atmosphere which is made up of three layers.
The three layers of the sun's atmosphere are 1) the photosphere (or "light-sphere"), 2) the chromosphere, and 3) the corona.

The visible, innermost, and first layer of the sun's atmosphere is the photosphere which is about 547 km thick, and has a temperature of about 5,500 degrees celsius.

6708 o tsechi^ychi^y tsekh-ee-khee' [From 6706 tsechi^yach tsekh-ee'-akh;] bare spot, that is, within the glaring sun: - higher place.

6706 tsechi^yach tsekh-ee'-akh [From 6705; tsa^chach tsaw-khakh' ] glaring, that is, exposed to the bright sun: - clear or dry place, higher place, top.

6705 tsa^chach tsaw-khakh' Primitive root; to glare, be dazzling white: - to be clear, white, be whiter.

Sunspots larger than the size of the Earth are often observed by Astronomers on the surface of the photosphere, which looks like the surface of the sun from the earth. [There are barespots within the glaring sun. 6708 Sunspots happen within the sun.]

The chromosphere.
The second and middle layer of the sun's atmosphere is the chromosphere which is about 2,000 km thick, and consists largely of reddish streams of hydrogen gas erupting up to around 16,000 km high. The temperaure of the chromosphere is about 27, 800 degrees celsius.

The corona.
Fountains stream from the sun. 5885 & 5869

The third layer of the sun's atmosphere is the corona, which, varies in size from 7, 000, 000 km to 70,000,000 km in thickness. Within the corona particles of matter are heated to a temperature of 2, 200 000 degrees Celsius but their ability to transfer heat to other objects is reduced because of the distance that is between them.

The temperature of the wispy atmosphere (corona) surrounding the sun is hotter than the surface of the sun, which is a million times brighter, but only 10,000 degress Farenheit (6,000 degress Celsius).

During storms on the sun, escaping gases and gigantic bubbles of plasma blast out of holes in the corona. Streaming up into space at speeds of up to 3 million kmh (2 million mph), they overload electricity lines, and cause power cuts, if, and when, they head towards the earth.

The corona is the layer of atmosphere that is observed by Astronomers during a solar eclipse.

Sunspots, prominences, & solar flares.
Dark regions upon the surface of the sun are called sunspots. Sun spots appear and disappear regularly upon the sun. These (bare spots) dark areas which are visible on the surface of the sun are a few thousand degrees cooler than the gas that surrouds them. By observing the sun and the movements of sun spots upon the surface of the sun Astronomers worked out, that the equator of the sun is spinning faster than its poles.

Billions of tonnes of (massive arches of) plasma are launched into space as solar prominences break away from the gravitational pull of the sun. Following its magnetic field, they hang suspended in space for months. Sunspots are (bare spots) holes in the sun, left behind as massive arches of plasma burst into space.

The destiny of the sun.
The sun will shine for about another 5,000 million years, after which it will become a swollen red giant star, reaching out beyond the orbit of the Earth. The sun will finally shrink, and become a white dwarf star about the size of the Earth.

Stored energy.
The energy of the sun is stored in plants which used the energy to make food. Living things rely on plants for their food.

The air, the sea, and the Earth, are heated by the sun which causes weather patterns upon the earth.

Red skies.
Particles of dust in the atmosphere cause the sun to appear red in the evening sky by filtering out rays of coloured light and leaving behind, most of the color red.

Mass: Mass is the measure of the amount of matter within an object. The mass of an object is not altered by gravity. The mass of an object upon the Earth would be the same as the mass of an object upon the Moon.

Job 38:38 and 41655

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Any errors within this page are not intentional. This is just a bible study.